Volume 9, Number 1 (March 2011)                   IJCE 2011, 9(1): 71-79 | Back to browse issues page

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Hajivalie F, Yeganeh Bakhtiary A. Numerical simulation of the interaction of a broken wave and a vertical breakwater. IJCE. 2011; 9 (1) :71-79
URL: http://ijce.iust.ac.ir/article-1-239-en.html

Abstract:   (6183 Views)

In this paper, a two-dimensional Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) model is developed to simulate the shoaling, breaking and overtopping of a solitary wave over a vertical breakwater. Turbulence intensity is described by using a k turbulence closure model and the free surface configuration is tracked by Volume Of Fluid (VOF) technique. To validate the numerical model the simulation results is compared with the Xie (1981) experimental data and a very good agreement between them is observed. The results revealed that wave height and wave energy decrease considerably during the reflection from vertical wall, which illustrates a considerable energy lost during the impaction and wave overtopping process. The turbulence production during the broken wave interaction with vertical breakwater is very significant consequently the vertical breakwater undergoes sever turbulent and dynamic drag force.

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Type of Study: Technical Note | Subject: Water-Hydraulic Structure

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