Volume 10, Number 4 (December 2012)                   IJCE 2012, 10(4): 253-262 | Back to browse issues page


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Arabzadeh A, Aghayari R, Rahai A R. A new model for predicting the effective strength in reinforced concrete bottle-shaped struts. IJCE. 2012; 10 (4) :253-262
URL: http://ijce.iust.ac.ir/article-1-479-en.html

Abstract:   (5108 Views)

Strut-and-Tie Model (STM) can be used to model the flow of compression within a concrete strut. Concrete struts are formed

in various shapes such as prismatic or bottle-shaped. In order to study the behavior of concrete struts, a series of simple tests

were performed. Eighteen reinforced concrete isolated struts with compressive strength of 65 MPa were tested up failure under

point loading in the plane of specimens. The tested specimens were reinforced by various reinforcement layouts. The behavior

of tested beams was investigated. Observations were made on transverse displacement, primary cracking and ultimate failure

load and distribution of strain on the face of tested panels. Based on these observations, the geometry of the concrete struts was

examined. a new model to analysis of concrete struts was proposed based on modified compression field theory (MCFT). A

database of 44 tested specimens was compiled to evaluate the proposed model. The results indicate that using the ACI and CSA

codes expressions regarding the amount of minimum required reinforcement in a strut produces conservative but erratic results

when compared with the test data. Conversely, the new proposed model presents a more accurate prediction for the strength of

44 tested struts.

Full-Text [PDF 547 kb]   (2597 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Paper | Subject: Structure- Concrete

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