Volume 10, Number 1 (March 2012) | IJCE 2012, 10(1): 43-50 | Back to browse issues page

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Shokoohi A R, Saghafian B. A semi analytical solution for rising limb of hydrograph in 2D overland flow. IJCE. 2012; 10 (1) :43-50
URL: http://ijce.iust.ac.ir/article-1-524-en.html

Abstract:   (4806 Views)

In almost all of the present mathematical models, the upstream subbasins, with overland flow as the dominant type of flow, are

simulated as a rectangular plane. However, the converging plane is the closest shape to an actual upstream subbasin. The

intricate nature of the governing equations of the overland flow on a converging plane is the cause of prolonged absence of an

analytical or semi analytical solution to define the rising limb of the resulted hydrograph. In the present research, a new

geomorphologic semi analytical method was developed that tries to establish a relationship between the parallel and converging

flows to reduce the complexity of the equations. The proposed method uses the principals of the Time Area method modified to

apply the kinematic wave theory and then by applying a correction factor finds the actual discharge. The correction factor, which

is based on the proportion of the effective drained area to the analytically calculated one, introduces the convergence effect of

the flow in reducing the potentially available discharge in a parallel flow. The proposed method was applied to a case study and

the result was compared with that of Woolhiser's numerical method that showed the reliability of the new method.

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Type of Study: Research Paper | Subject: Water-Hydrology

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