18
1735-0522
565
Transportation
A bi-level model for location-allocation problem of construction & demolition waste management under fuzzy random environment
Xu
Jiuping
^{
b
}
Wei
Pei
^{
c
}
^{
b
}State Key Laboratory of Hydraulics and Mountain River Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, P. R. China
^{
c
}Uncertainty Decision-Making Laboratory, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610064, P. R. China
1
3
2012
10
1
1
12
28
05
2011
20
10
2015
In this paper, a location allocation (LA) problem in construction and demolition (C;D) waste management (WM) is studied. A bi-level model for this problem under a fuzzy random environment is presented where the upper level is the governments who sets up the processing centers, and the lower level are the administrators of different construction projects who control C;D waste and the after treatment materials supply. This model using an improved particle swarm optimization program based on a fuzzy random simulation (IPSO-based FRS) is able to handle practical issues. A case study is presented to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach. Conclusions and future research directions are discussed.
371
Transportation
Development of technical and economical models for widespread application of magnetic levitation system in public transport
Behbahani
H.
^{
d
}
Yaghoubi
H.
^{
e
}
Rezvani
M. A.
^{
f
}
^{
d
}Professor, School of Civil Eng., Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran
^{
e
}The Director of Iran Maglev Technology (IMT), Tehran, Iran.
^{
f
}Assistant Professor, School of Railway Eng., Iran Univ. of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran
1
3
2012
10
1
13
24
15
12
2009
21
10
2015
Magnetic levitation (maglev) is amongst the most advanced technologies that are available to the transportation industries. It
has already been noticed by decision makers in many countries around the globe. Contrary to such high levels of interest, there
are no practical algorithms available to the engineers and/or managers to assist them in analyzing economics of the maglev
systems. Therefore, it has been the purpose of this research to find appropriate answers to such vital questions and also investigate
feasibility for practical use of maglev technology in rapid transit systems. The life cycle costs (LCC) for the maglev system
including the cost of initiating such projects are included in this survey and are evaluated. To serve the purpose, an algorithm is
presented that facilitates the technical and economical analyses of maglev systems. The proposal for a long distance maglev
system, Mashhad-Tehran (M-T), is used as a case study by using the proposed algorithm. Moreover, the cost of establishing and
operating M-T project is estimated by two other different approaches. These include the already established mathematically based
cost estimating method, and the cost estimations based on the international norms and standards. These standards are based on
statistical (or provided) data. Such cost estimations assist verification of the proposed algorithm. Comparisons between outcomes
of the three methods prove close agreement for the cost estimation by all of them. It is concluded that the proposed algorithm for
implementation and operation of maglev route is practical.
516
Transportation
Estimation of operating speed on two lane two way roads along N-65 (SIBI â€“Quetta)
Memon
R. A.
^{
g
}
Khaskheli
G. B.
^{
h
}
Dahani
M. H.
^{
i
}
^{
g
}Associate professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Mehran UET, Jamshoro, Pakistan
^{
h
}Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Mehran UET, Jamshoro, Pakistan
^{
i
}Project Director, National Highway Authority, Pakistan
1
3
2012
10
1
25
31
28
12
2010
21
10
2015
Present study is an extension of earlier work carried out on two-lane two way roads in the two provinces of Pakistan i.e. N-25,
N-55 and N-5 regarding the measure of operating speed and development of operating speed prediction models. Curved sections
of two-lane rural highways are the main location of run-off road accidents. In addition to that the road alignment having
combination of geometric elements may be more harmful to the drivers than the successive features with adequate separation.
This study is carried out on two-lane two- way road along N-65 (from Sibi to Quetta). Three sections are selected for study with
thirty three horizontal curves. Continuous speed profile data was recorded with the help of VBox (GPS based device) which was
attached with a vehicle to detect vehicle position through satellite signals. VBox is new equipment with modern technology in this
field and it helps in recording continuous speed profile and saving of this information on the computer as a permanent record.
Through the regression analysis, models were developed for estimation of operating speed on horizontal curves and on tangent,
and estimation of maximum speed reduction from tangent to curve. The validation of developed model shows compatibility with
the experimental data.
469
Construction Management
Hybrid harmony search for conditional p-median problems
Kaveh
A.
^{
j
}
Nasr Esfahani
H.
^{
k
}
^{
j
}Professor, Centre of Excellence for Fundamental Studies in Structural Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology,Narmak, Tehran-16, Iran
^{
k
}Graduate Student, School of Civil Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Narmak, Tehran-16, Iran
1
3
2012
10
1
32
36
07
08
2010
04
10
2011
In this paper the conditional location problem is discussed. Conditional location problems have a wide range of applications
in location science. A new meta-heuristic algorithm for solving conditional p-median problems is proposed and results are
compared to those of the previous studies. This algorithm produces much better results than the previous formulations.
466
Construction Management
An adapted harmony search based algorithm for facility layout optimization
Kaveh
A.
^{
l
}
Shakouri Mahmud Abadi
A.
^{
m
}
Zolfaghari Moghaddam
S.
^{
n
}
^{
l
}Professor, Iran University of Science and Technology, Narmak,Tehran-16, Iran
^{
m
}Graduate student, Building and Housing Research Center, Tehran-14, Iran
^{
n
}Undergraduate student, Hekmat Institute of Higher Education,Qom, Iran
1
3
2012
10
1
37
42
31
07
2010
04
12
2011
This paper presents a strategy for using Harmony Search algorithm in facility layout optimization problems. In this paper an
adapted harmony search algorithm is developed for solving facility layout optimization problems. This method finds an optimal
facility arrangement in an existing layout. Two real-world case studies are employed to demonstrate the efficiency of this model.
A comparison is also made to illustrate the efficiency of these strategies in facility layout optimization
524
Water-Hydrology
A semi analytical solution for rising limb of hydrograph in 2D overland flow
Shokoohi
A. R.
^{
o
}
Saghafian
B.
^{
p
}
^{
o
}Associate professor, water engineering department, faculty of technical and engineering, International University of Imam Khomeini, Qazvin, Iran.
^{
p
}Professor in Hydrology, Soil Conservation and Watershed Management Center, Tehran, Iran
1
3
2012
10
1
43
50
16
01
2011
10
03
2012
In almost all of the present mathematical models, the upstream subbasins, with overland flow as the dominant type of flow, are
simulated as a rectangular plane. However, the converging plane is the closest shape to an actual upstream subbasin. The
intricate nature of the governing equations of the overland flow on a converging plane is the cause of prolonged absence of an
analytical or semi analytical solution to define the rising limb of the resulted hydrograph. In the present research, a new
geomorphologic semi analytical method was developed that tries to establish a relationship between the parallel and converging
flows to reduce the complexity of the equations. The proposed method uses the principals of the Time Area method modified to
apply the kinematic wave theory and then by applying a correction factor finds the actual discharge. The correction factor, which
is based on the proportion of the effective drained area to the analytically calculated one, introduces the convergence effect of
the flow in reducing the potentially available discharge in a parallel flow. The proposed method was applied to a case study and
the result was compared with that of Woolhiser;#39s numerical method that showed the reliability of the new method.
543
Water Resources
A novel Approach for Water Quality Management in Water Distribution Systems by Multi-objective Booster Chlorination
Behzadian
K.
^{
}
Alimohammadnejad
M.
^{
}
Ardeshir
A.
^{
}
Vasheghani
H.
^{
}
Jalilsani
F.
^{
}
^{
}Assistant Professor, Environmental Research Center, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
^{
}MSc Student, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering,Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
^{
}Associate Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
^{
}Executing Manager of Karaj Urban and Suburban Railway Organization , Karaj, Tehran, Iran
^{
}Lecturer, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
1
3
2012
10
1
51
60
02
03
2011
25
10
2015
Compared to conventional chlorination methods which apply chlorine at water treatment plant, booster chlorination has almost
solved the problems of high dosages of chlorine residuals near water sources and lack of chlorine residuals in the remote points
of a water distribution system (WDS). However, control of trihalomethane (THM) formation as a potentially carcinogenic
disinfection by-product (DBP) within a WDS has still remained as a water quality problem. This paper presents a two-phase
approach of multi-objective booster disinfection in which both chlorine residuals and THM formation are concurrently optimized
in a WDS. In the first phase, a booster disinfection system is formulated as a multi-objective optimization problem in which the
location of booster stations is determined. The objectives are defined as to maximize the volumetric discharge with appropriate
levels of disinfectant residuals throughout all demand nodes and to minimize the total mass of disinfectant applied with a specified
number of booster stations. The most frequently selected locations for installing booster disinfection stations are selected for the
second phase, in which another two-objective optimization problem is defined. The objectives in the second problem are to
minimize the volumetric discharge avoiding THM maximum levels and to maximize the volumetric discharge with standard levels
of disinfectant residuals. For each point on the resulted trade-off curve between the water quality objectives optimal scheduling of
chlorination injected at each booster station is obtained. Both optimization problems used NSGA-II algorithm as a multi-objective
genetic algorithm, coupled with EPANET as a hydraulic simulation model. The optimization problems are tested for different
numbers of booster chlorination stations in a real case WDS. As a result, this type of multi-objective optimization model can
explicitly give the decision makers the optimal location and scheduling of booster disinfection systems with respect to the tradeoff
between maximum safe drinking water with allowable chlorine residual levels and minimum adverse DBP levels.
432
Water-Hydraulic Structure
Evaluation of turbulence models in the simulation of oblique standing shock waves in supercritical channel flows
Alamatian
E.
^{
}
Jaefarzadeh
M. R.
^{
}
^{
}Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Khavaran Institute of Higher Education, Mashhad, Iran
^{
}Corresponding author: Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, School of Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
1
3
2012
10
1
61
71
17
04
2010
10
03
2012
In this article, the two-dimensional depth-averaged Saint Venant equations, including the turbulence terms, are solved in a
supercritical flow with oblique standing waves. The algorithm applies the finite volume Roe-TVD method with unstructured
triangular cells. Three depth-averaged turbulence models, including the mixing length, k-;epsilon and algebraic stress model (ASM),
are used to close the hydrodynamic equations. The supercritical flow in a channel downstream from a side-baffle in plan is then
simulated, and the numerical results are compared with the data obtained from a laboratory model. The application of different
models demonstrates that the consideration of turbulence models improves the results at the shock wave positions. The qualitative
study of the results and error analysis indicates that the ASM offers the most desirable solutions in comparison with the other
models. However, our numerical experiments show that, amongst the source term components, the negligence of turbulence terms
produces the least error in the depth estimation in comparison with the removal of the bed slope or bed friction terms.
296
Water-Hydraulic Structure
Numerical simulation of acoustic cavitation in the reservoir and effects on dynamic response of concrete dams
Attarnejad
R.
^{
}
Kalateh
F.
^{
}
^{
}Faculty of Civil Engineering, School of Engineering, University of Tehran, P.O. Box 11365-4563, Tehran-Iran. Associate Professor
^{
}Faculty of Civil Engineering, School of Engineering, Ph.D. Candidate
1
3
2012
10
1
72
86
05
10
2009
25
10
2015
This paper describes a numerical model and its finite element implementation that used to compute the cavitation effects on
seismic behavior of concrete dam and reservoir systems. The system is composed of two sub-systems, namely, the reservoir and
the dam. The water is considered as bilinear compressible and inviscid and the equation of motion of fluid domain is expressed
in terms of the pressure variable alone. A bilinear state equation is used to model the pressureâ€“density relationship of a cavitated
fluid. A standard displacement finite element formulation is used for the structure. The Structural damping of the dam material
and the radiation damping of the water and damping from foundation soil and banks have been incorporated in the analysis. The
solution of the coupled system is accomplished by solving the two sub-systems separately with the interaction effects at the damreservoir
interface enforced by a developed iterative scheme. The developed method is validated by testing it against problem for
which, there is existing solution and the effects of cavitation on dynamic response of Konya gravity dam and Morrow Point arch
dam subjected to the first 6 s of the May 1940 El-Centro, California earthquake, is considered. Obtained results show that impact
forces caused by cavitation have a small effect on the dynamic response of dam-reservoir system.